The man who started it all. Emanuel Ringelblum was born in 1900 in Buczacz, Galicia, in a traditional, petty-bourgeois Jewish family. His father was a grain merchant. In 1920, Ringelblum passed the matura exam with honors at the gymnasium in Nowy Sącz. In 1922, he began his studies in history at the Faculty of History at the University of Warsaw, where in 1927 he obtained his doctorate on the basis of the dissertation: "Jews in Warsaw from the earliest times to 1527".
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