Jewish Population in Cracow Royal Estates in the Second Half of the18th Century

Przemysław Zarubin

Jewish Population in Cracow Royal Estates in the Second Half of the18th Century

Periodical
„Kwartalnik Historii Żydów” nr 03/2012
Publication year
2012

Jewish population, by taking advantage of the governor of Cracow Royal Estates’ backing, settled in the royal estates already in the sixteenth century. As shown by censuses, carried out mainly for tax purposes, in the second half of the 18th century Jewish settlement was not limited only to the cities, but included also villages and jurydyki [settlements right outside royal cities] of Royal Estates. The main occupation of the Jews was leasing pubs, breweries and mills. The authorities of Royal Estates entered into short-term (up to 3 years) lease contracts with them. When the management was effective, the governors were happy to renew the contracts. To some extent, the Jews were also used to collect taxes, most likely customs duties. The governors had to carry out a difficult policy towards the conflicts between the residents of Kazimierz and the Jewish Community. While making decisions, they had to respect interests of both warring sides, official orders from Kamera [Chamber], take into consideration the current economic situation, and above all — the interest of the monarch.

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