Before the Second World War the population of Izbica, located about 60 km away from Lublin, consisted in 90 percent of Jews. In 1939 the town was under Nazi occupation. From the very beginning, German authorities had been sending to Izbica rail transports of Jews from Germany, Polish territories incorporated into the Reich, and from other places of the General Government. In 1942, the Germans used the fact of Izbica being located next to the railway line to create there a transit ghetto from which Jews were sent to death camps in Belzec and Sobibor. In late 1942, the Germans killed most of the Jews held at Izbica, replacing the transit ghetto with a secondary ghetto. The final liquidation of the Jewish community of Izbica took place in late April 1943. Out of the population of about a dozen thousand people, only fourteen survived the occupation.
Izbica as an example of a transit ghetto (1942–1943)
„Kwartalnik Historii Żydów” nr 02 /2012