Restrictive regulations of Jewish Council of Four Lands regarding printing of books caused in the late 1700s the demise of Hebrew printing houses operating in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The printers in the Netherlands made the most of this situation and to large extent intercepted production of Jewish books intended for Polish market. Together with Jewish authors, editors, emenders and typesetters coming from Poland printing houses in Amsterdam started printing books on order of Polish Jews. Beginning from the late 1700s Amsterdam became world center of Jewish printing.
In the collections of Jewish Historical Institute there is a collection of more than 200 volumes of old Amsterdam prints from 1700s and 1800s. The authors selected 31 prints which according to them are the best illustration of the period of the development of Hebrew printing.