The author presents painful and complex issue of attempts among Jewish community to settle the occupational years. Just after the war, there were no favourable conditions to do that due to the conflicts taking place in Poland in various spheres of social life, and increased mobility of Jews. However, on 8th Octtober 1946 CKŻP decided to appoint Central Social Court, justifying that” we must have courage to admit that our nation is not composed only of innocent victims.” Cases concerned those people from the Jewish community who „during the Nazi occupation [did not] take stance worthy of a citizen-Jew by participation and subversive activity in ’Judenrete’, police, administration of concentration camps.” The punishment was honourable but severe: from reprimand, through stigmatization to being suspended from member rights for the period of 3 years and even being excluded from the Jewish community. Additional punishment was the loss of right to „be elected to the authorities of Jewish institutions” or to receive material help. The trials were usually open; the accused had the right to get a defence attorney and the role of prosecutor had the prosecution spokesperson.
Prof. dr hab. Andrzej Żbikowski — academic worker of the Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute, professor at the Centre for East European Studies of University of Warsaw. Author of many publications dedicated to the contemporary history of Polish Jews, among others, Jan Karski: bohater polskiego podziemia(2013) (Jan Karski: the Hero of Polish Underground); U genezy Jedwabnego. Żydzi na Kresach Północno-Wschodnich II Rzeczypospolitej: wrzesień 1939–lipiec 1941(2006) (The Genesis of Jedwabne. Jews in Kresy Północno-Wschodnie of the Second Republic of Poland: September 1939-July 1941); Żydzi, antysemityzm, holokaust (2001) (Jews, Anti-Semitism, Holocaust).
The book was published in the series „From the History of the Central Committee of Jews in Poland”