The Oneg Szabat Program was founded by the Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute and the Association of the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland. It was initiated to give access to the original documents, disseminate knowledge of the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto and to commemorate the members of the Oneg Shabbat group.
The Oneg Shabbat group had preserved the memory about Jews imprisoned in the Warsaw Ghetto and about their death in the extermination camps. They decided to combat Germans through intellectual resistance and work. Their work – the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto is the most important testimony of the Holocaust.
We have initiated the Oneg Szabat Program to continue the mission of Ringelblum’s associates – to preserve the memory about Polish Jews. We would like for the knowledge about the Archive and its creators to become commonly recognized. The Ringelblum Archive is a part of the “memory of the world”, and the Oneg Shabbat group is one of its ethical leaders.
Oneg Szabat program:
Complete edition of the Ringelblum Archive
In 2017, researchers from the Jewish Historical Institute will concluded their work on the complete edition of the Ringelblum Archive (37 volumes in the printed version). This unprecedented endeavour was initiated by the Institute – a depositary of the Ringelblum Archive – in 1993. Since then, we have been continuing the works on conservation and digitalization of the original documents. The project engages historians, sociologists, philosophers, literature scholars, editors and renowned translators. Their shared effort helped rediscover many unclear or previously undeciphered documents; these documents, ordered by subject, make the materials collected by Oneg Szabat a commonly accessible source of knowledge about the life of Jews in occupied Poland. In the future, we intend to translate the entire edition of the archive to languages such as English, German and Spanish.
All the volumes of the Ringelblum Archive are available online at the Central Jewish Library site. The CJL is a digital repository of the JHI – a base of Jewish visual and text resources, sourced from the archives, museum collection and library of the JHI.
translating of the full edition of the Ringelblum Archive
We have started work on translating the Archive into English. Translating all volumes of the full edition of the Ringelblum Archive and publishing online translations is a great task, planned to take several years. In 2017, we published the first volume of the English edition of the Ringelblum Archive. Polish and English editions will be linked to digital copies of original documents, and in later perspective, they will become a base for the virtual Encyclopedia of the Warsaw Ghetto. The entire task of translating the complete, 37-volume edition, is planned for a 10-year period.
permanent exhibition — „what we’ve been unable to shout out to the world”
As s key point of the program and a tribute to the Oneg Shabbat group, we opened a permanent exhibition dedicated to the creators of the Ringelblum Archive (November 2017). The exhibition includes – for the first time open to the general public – original documents from this special collection which became a form of resisting violence, and saved the victims of the Holocaust from anonymity.
The main theme of the exhibition is the activity of the secret group named Oneg Shabbat in the Warsaw Ghetto and the unique Archive, which resulted from their work: from its beginnings until present day. The goal of the exhibition is to present this special collection and to tell the story of the group which witnessed and archived the history.
The title of the exhibition, What we’ve been unable to shout out to the world, is a quote from the last will of 19-year old David Graber, one of three people who hid the first part of the Archive in the basement of the Nowolipki 68 (Ber Borochov Jewish secular primary school before World War II). The archive was buried in the ground during the extermination action in Warsaw.
We are also working on the mobile version of the Archive, which will be available in the most important museums worldwide.
In early October 2017, we lauched the DELET webportal – a shared project of the Association of the JHI of Poland and the Jewish Historical Institute. The goal of the project is to present online the most valuable resources of the Institute and the Association, including scans of original documents from the Ringelblum Archive. The materials are accessible in highest quality. Aside from scans, the portal includes lessons and curatorial guided tours.
The project is being implemented thanks to funding from the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage resources, as a part of the DIGITAL CULTURE programme.
The opening of the permanent exhibition was accompanied by the publication of book “Letters to Oneg Shabbat” edited by Professor Paweł Śpiewak, “Who will write our history” – the second completed and corrected edition of Samuel Kassow’s book and publication of the first volume of the Ringelblum Archive in English.
We also publish – as separate book publications – journals and reports that are part of the Ringelblum Archive.
Encyclopedia of the Warsaw Ghetto
By the end of 2017, we will begin works on the Encyclopedia of the Warsaw Ghetto – a long-scale project undertaken by historians. It will be a semantic database, which – using the documents from the Ringelblum Archive – will make available online the most important subjects related to the Warsaw Ghetto, retrace its topography, publish information about people who were living there, their life conditions, terror and the forthcoming Holocaust.
ambassadors of the oneg szabat program
At the beginning of 2018, we started a communication campaign addressed to students from Poland, the United States, Canada and Australia. We have prepared a special educational program for Polish and foreign students that will also be available online. The pilot project was conducted at the beginning of March 2018.
Students from the USA spent couple of days visiting remembrance places of Cracow, Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum and Warsaw. They saw permanent exhibition at the Jewish Historical Institute dedicated to the Ringelblum Archive and the Oneg Shabbat group, took part in walks and educational workshops prepared by the JHI educators. As Ambassadors of the Oneg Szabat Program at their home universities – together with us – they will popularize history of the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto and their creators.
In the near future, we are planning next editions of the Program.
The Jewish Historical Institute has been running a diverse educational programme, directed at youth, teachers, enthusiasts and academics. The goal of our program is to share the knowledge about history, religion and culture of Polish Jews, community which actively contributed to Polish reality for centuries. The permanent exhibition will be accompanied by a special educational program, directed at Polish and international audience. It will be also available online.
Oneg Shabbat-related themes are also a subject of guided walks with Jewish Historical Institute educators, such as „Warsaw as seen by Ringelblum”, „Impression about the Northern District in 1809 steps” or „Imperishable traces of the Ghetto”.
The Jewish Historical Institute is engaged in many popularization activities – according to the will of Ringelblum’s associates.
This year, the 22 July Memory March commemorated the members of Oneg Shabbat in a particular way. During the march, Marian Turski, who lived in the Łódź Ghetto since 1942 and was sent to Auschwitz in 1944, read the description of 22 July 1942 from the diary of Abraham Lewin, a teacher from Warsaw and a member of Oneg Shabbat. At the end of the event, actress Maria Seweryn read fragments of a harrowing reportage about ghetto deportations written by Gustawa Jarecka — „The last stage of resettlement is death”.
Before the permanent exhibition was opened, the space of the historical building at Tłomackie 3/5 has been revitalised. The building miraculously survived the fire in the Ghetto and the war; later, it became a home for the Jewish Historical Institute. In this place during wartime, secret meetings of the Oneg Shabbat group were taking place; today, the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto is being stored here. Traces of history are visible on every step here: in the hall of the Institute, we can see fragments of burned floor – an aftermath of the explosion of the Great Synagogue, 16 May 1943.
Watch the Oneg Szabat Program video:
The program needs resources – join us!
For the first time in history, everyone can contribute to popularisation and commemoration of the Ringelblum Archive. Via the http://onegszabat.org/en/ website, everyone can submit a donation (among others – for the purposes of preservation and translation of the Archive), read the history of the Oneg Shabbat group and the biographies of its members.
Further information about the Ringelblum Archive and the Oneg Shabbat group can be found at: http://onegszabat.org/en/ and JHI website, as well as on the Oneg Szabat program Facebook and Twitter profiles.
The Oneg Szabat Program is implemented by the Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute and the Association of the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland, within a public-private partnership.