dr Zofia Trębacz
’More than 160 thousand living, breathing people had been surrounded with wooden planks and barbed wire, and cut off from the world’. The closing of the Łódź Ghetto
On 8 February 1940 Johannes Schäfer, chief of the Łódź police, issued an order to establish a ‘Jewish quarter‘. The planned ghetto was supposed to be located in the most run-down, northern districts of the city – the Old Town and Bałuty. All Jews of Łódź were supposed to be resettled there until the end of April 1940.
„From the city to the ghetto”…
80th anniversary of establishing of the Łódź Ghetto.
Lux in tenebris lucet!
5 października 1937 roku na Uniwersytecie Warszawskim zostało wprowadzone getto ławkowe. Hasłem, które jednoczyło środowisko akademickie w proteście przeciwko gettu w latach 30. była łacińska sentencja: „Lux in tenebris lucet!” (Światłość w ciemności świeci).
„Wielka Szpera” in the Łódź Ghetto
During the „Wielka Szpera”, between 5 and 12 September 1942, more than 15,000 people were sent to the extermination camp in Chełmno nad Nerem. Only a small group was spared from the deportation – children from the privileged families in the ghetto community (police officers, firefighters, directors of main departments).
I can neither be silent nor live when the last remnants of the Jewish people, whose I represent, are being killed
At night, between 11 and 12 May 1943, when the last fighters were being murdered in the Warsaw Ghetto, Zygielbojm committed suicide. He left three farewell letters addressed to: his brother Fajwel, who lived in Johannesburg, fellow party members in the United States, the President and Prime Minister of Poland.
Rywka Lipszyc, „Dziennik z getta łódzkiego”