According to the conservation requirements, paper documents displayed behind glass have to be regularly replaced in order to provide necessary maintenance. Because of this, we can present you new documents from the Ringelblum Archive.
The documents include works of literature, such as Icchak Kacenelson’s very personal poem, „The day of my great misfortune”, written after the loss of his wife Chana and two younger sons, Ben-Cyjon and Beniamin, during the Great Deportation in the summer of 1942.
I rush to the four walls of misery,
covered in darkness, and suddenly, my hands wring —
Oh, Chana! My sons... nobody’s here!
We also present one of the most important religious writings from the Ringelblum Archive – a page from the sermons of Kalominus Kalman Szapiro, an exceptional Torah scholar and commenter, a member of the famous Hasidic families, the Rabbi of Piaseczno, the last Rabbi of the Warsaw Ghetto.
He wrote: We are going through very bitter, difficult experiences […] which have been going on for so long. Even someone who previously supported themselves and othe Jews is too exhausted now to find inner strength; he is tired of searching for solace.
Part of his writings include commentary on current reality and the issues of the religious community. The only documents left from his years spent in the ghetto are the sermons. They provide a testimony of the ghetto’s spiritual life and its changes, as well as one of the last traces of Hasidic culture developing in Poland.
In July 1942, Kalonimus Kalman Szapiro’s daughter was taken away to Treblinka. Szapiro himself was employed after the Great Deportation in the Admor workshop. In Spring 1943, he was transported to a labor camp, probably in Trawniki. He was offered a chance to escape, but he refused to leave his companions. He died in early November 1943, possibly during „Aktion Erntefest”.
Among documents which we made available, one can also find: a page from the first issue of Oneg Shabbat’s bulletin, „Mittejlungen” („The News”), which included information about acts of terror against Jews (3 April 1942), a page from Menachem Kohn’s diary from the period of the Great Deportation (Summer 1942), a fragment of Dawid Nowodworski’s account of the Treblinka extermination camp (28 August 1942) or a facsimile of a postcard thrown out of a train going to Auschwitz, passed to the family in the Warsaw Ghetto.
It is also an opportunity to learn about Rachela Auerbach’s harrowing testament, written down on 26 July 1942, on the fifth day of the Great Deportation.
Works of literature whose fragments we present at the exhibition have been included in the 26th volume of the Complete Edition of the Ringelblum Archive, while the sermons of Kalonimus Kalman Szapiro – in the 25th volum.
Exhibition designers|Aneta Faner, Piotr Duma
Cooperation|Zuzanna Benesz-Goldfinger, Jarosław Kubicki, Sławomir Różański
Due to available space and specificity of the exhibition, only up to 35 visitors can be let in at a single visit. We advise online booking and selection of the most convenient visiting time.
The guided tour of the exhibition takes place twice a day from Monday to Friday: at 11 in English and at 2 PM in Polish.
Monday – Friday: 9 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Sunday: 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Last entry: 5 p.m.
- Standard ticket – 12zł (individual ticket), 10zł (group ticket)
- Reduced price ticket– 7zł (individual ticket), 6 zł (group ticket)
- Guided tour PL – 20zł
- Guided tour EN – 30zł
On Sundays admission to the exhibitions is free of charge.
We ask you kindly to make free ticket reservations on www.tickets.jhi.pl as the limit of people visiting the exhibition for a given hour is only 35 people. You will receive a free ticket by e-mail!
Detailed price list:
Rules and regulations for visiting exhibitions at the Jewish Historical Institute:
The exhibition is one of the key elements of the Oneg Szabat Program, realised by the Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute and the Association of the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland within a public-private partnership. The goal of the program is to commemorate and popularize the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto (the Ringelblum Archive) and to commemorate the members of the Oneg Shabbat group.