At the beginning of the 19th century, Great Britain was inhabited by around 6 thousand Jews; at the end of the century their number increased to around a quarter million. In the 19th century, more than a quarter million Jewish immigrants from Continental (mainly Eastern) Europe arrived in the English land; some of them migrated further, to the new world, but the majority stayed in London. The paper is aimed to present the characteristics of waves of migration of the Jews, employment structure of the immigrants and their social and financial status. Another topics will include: changes in London’s urban space resulting from this migration, and the formation of the image of a Jew in consciousness of native residents of the city. Stereotypes accompanying the immigrants will be presented on the basis of example graphics published, among others, in London’s press of the late 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries.
Jews in London: migration and settlement in the 19th century