The counterbalance of policy of many royal cities, negating rights of the Jews to live in Mazovia, were settlement and economic initiatives of wealthy nobility which led to new Jewish neighbourhoods being created mainly in the proprieties of the nobility. A characteristic phenomenon for this period was a rapid growth of rural Jewish settlement. The process of the Jews moving from cities to the countryside was already very advanced in the early eighteenth century, which resulted in multi-level structures of Jewish self-government.
Between the city and the countryside. Structural changes of the Jewish settlement in the Mazovia region in the years 1655–1763
The second half of the 17th century was a time of reconstruction of Jewish settlement in Mazovia region. However, it revived from war damage slowly, as all urban settlements did.