On 19th April, 1948, on the fifth anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in the building of the Jewish Historical Institute took place the opening ceremony of Muzeum Martyrologii i Walki [the Museum of Martyrdom and Combat’. It was attended by many representatives of academic and cultural circles, Jews and Poles. Among them was Julian Tuwim, who after the war became close with his Jewish brethren. What changed his attitude towards them, from indifferent to engaged, was the Holocaust. He expressed it in the manifesto We, Polish Jews.
Our collections include unique photographs documenting Tuwim’s visit to the Jewish Historical Institute. In one of them we can see the poet among a group of Jewish writers and politicians who came to Warsaw to attend the unveiling of Natan Rapaport’s Monument to the Ghetto Heroes. From the left: Julian Tuwim, Abraham Lewinsohn, James Zerubawel, Itzik Manger and A. Sh. Juris.