When the misfortunes have increased and the enemy started extremely bothering us, more and more people began calculating when the Judgment Day would take place and when the Messiah would come. The people eagerly listened to the prophecies because they found consolation in them. [...] The greater the oppression, the stronger the belief in the imminent liberation. [They believed that] the suffering was the announcement of salvation, because it precedes, like labor pains, the coming of the Messiah. [It was calculated that] just like after nine months of pregnancy, followed by woman’s labor pains and then birth to new life, also after nine months since the outbreak of the war, the Jews will be saved from all sorts of misfortunes.
Chaim Kapłan, 28th June 1940, Warsaw
Ch. Kapłan, “The Chronicle of Life”, part 2, JHI’s Bulletin no. 2, 1964; diary from JHI’s collections; translated from Hebrew by A. Rutkowski and A. Wein.