Emanuel Ringelblum’s Diary

This morning an English radio gave a broadcast for the Polish Jews.

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Friday, 26th June, 1942 is for “Oyneg Shabbos” [a group centered around E. Ringelblum, with aim to document the Jewish fait in occupied Poland] a day of big events. This morning an English radio gave a broadcast for the Polish Jews. They said everything we know well about: Slonim and Vilnius, Lviv and Chelmno, etc. For long months we had been devastated that the world was deaf and dumb towards our tragedy not having equal in history. We bore grudges against Polish public opinion, against the people that are in contact with the Polish government that they did not give [information] about the slaughter of Polish Jews, that the world did not know about it. We accused Polish people of being deliberately silent about our tragedy so that it didn’t eclipse their own. [...]


The group “Oyneg Shabbos” fulfilled in this way a great historical mission. They informed the world about our fait and maybe saved hundreds thousands of Jews from holocaust. The latter, will be proved, of course, by the near future. I don’t know who from this group will survive, who will be lucky enough to edit the assembled materials. However, one thing is obvious for us all: our effort, dedication and life in constant fear were not for nothing.


Emanuel Ringelblum, 26th June 1942, Warsaw.


E. Ringelblum, “Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto”, Warsaw, 1988; diary from JHI’s collections, Ringelblum Archives; Translated from Yiddish by A. Rutkowski.

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