In hundreds of Polish and Russian cities, thousands, thousands of Jews are being murdered every day, regularly, according to a well thought out plan and we can’t see anybody taking their side. The bombing of Cologne, the destruction of thousands of homes, thousands of victims among the civilian population have met some desire for vengeance of the Jews. Cologne was a harbinger of vengeance, which must happen and will happen to Nazi Germany for the millions of murdered Jews. And that is why the Jewish population in oppressed Europe treated Colony as their act of revenge. After this Cologne event, I went uplifted, I felt that if I die from their hands, my death had been avenged in advance!
Emanuel Ringelblum, 23rd June 1942, Warsaw.
E. Ringelblum, “Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto”, Warsaw, 1988; diary from JHI’s collections, Ringelblum Archives; Translated from Yiddish by A. Rutkowski.A. Rutkowski.