Today a new decree by the commissioner of the ghetto, Auerswald, was issued. It refers to the bands worn by Jews on their left arm as a distinguishing mark. The decree says that the Jews should wear only regulation bands [...] Up till now, many offices, such as Gmina and others, as well as representatives of certain professions (doctors, dentists) made special bands, armbands, on which they marked their profession. It was supposed to be a sort of a protection on the streets against the German bandits. [...] The latest decree ends this. There are no different categories of the Jews. The Nazi bandits will no longer have to think on the streets whether they should smash the head also of a Jew who is a doctor. Today we became an equalized and diminished big flock of sheep without a shepherd, surrounded by wolves and tigers.
Abraham Lewin, 27th May 1942, Warsaw
A. Lewin, “A Diary of the Warsaw Ghetto”, Biuletyn ŻIH no 19–20 1956; diary from JHI collection; Translated from Yiddish by A. Rutkowski