Emanuel Ringelblum

They say making phone calls will be possible only through Transferstelle, which will be responsible for the censorship of all calls.

Wide 7 05

They say making phone calls will be possible only through Transferstelle, which will be responsible for the censorship of all calls. At present, the phone remains the most important means of communication, which helps in smuggling things. Through the phone, the other side is informed when it is possible to bring in the cart with commodities and so on. In Sienna Street smuggling works that way: a street sweeper stands on the other side of the wall and constantly does something with the broom. Using the broom, he moves various products through the sewage hole in the wall. Money is also received that way. Skinny three — or four-year-olds go through such openings and pick up the commodities on the other side. It is easy to imagine what the mothers go through when their children are under threat of dying any time.

Emanuel Ringelblum, 7th May 1941, Warsaw


E. Ringelblum, “The Warsaw Ghetto Chronicle”, Warsaw, 1988; a journal from JHI’s collection, Ringelblum Archives; Translated from Yiddish by A. Rutkowski.

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