Emanuel Ringelblum’s Diary

I have heard in what circumstances the rabbi from Węgrowo was killed a day before Jom Ha Kippur.

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I have heard in what circumstances the rabbi from Węgrowo was killed a day before Jom Ha Kippur. He was forced to sweep the streets. Then, he was ordered to put the garbage into the skullcap. When he bended forward, he was pushed with a bayonet three times. He kept on working and while working, he died.

[...] 50 Jews were caught [and taken] to Okęcie. Twenty of them were ordered to burry a dead cat. Thirty of them were ordered to turn around and then were told to find „the grave”. For a few hours they had been pretending to be looking; finally they found it. The soldiers were laughing. Another time, they came and there was nothing to do. They had a football match. The Jews won 2:1.


Emanuel Ringelblum, 21st April, 1940, Warsaw

E. Ringelblum „Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto”, Warsaw 1988; diary from the JHI’s collections, the Ringelblum Archive; translated from Yiddish by A. Rutkowski

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