Emanuel Ringelblum’s Diary

In nine points of the city, especially in Krochmalna Street, they are putting up wooden fences.

Wide 31 03

In nine points of the city, especially in Krochmalna Street, they are putting up wooden fences. Sanitary officials say that Krochmalna is the main nest of infectious diseases. If they could, they would burn it down. In Kraśnik they have bricked up the whole street, the healthy with the sick. The food can be given only through a hole. Also, excrement go this way. [...]

In many provincial cities, the Landrats issued a directive forbidding doctors-Christians to treat the Jews. And as there are no Jewish doctors there, [the Jewish population] is left without medical care.


Emanuel Ringelblum, 31st March, 1940, Warsaw

E. Ringelblum „Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto”, Warsaw 1988; diary from the JHI’s collections, the Ringelblum Archive; translated from Yiddish by A. Rutkowski

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