70th anniversary of the Kielce pogrom
We must find the Archive!
„Remember! A national treasure is buried in the ruins. The Ringelblum Archive is there. Even if the ruins reach five storeys high, we must find the Archive”, called Rachela Auerbach during the commemoration of the third anniversary of the Ghetto Uprising. Thanks to the determination of people aware of the significance of documents hidden in the Borochov school, the first part of the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto was unearthed on 18 September 1946.
A man escaped from Treblinka...
On 13 September 1942, Abraham (Jakub) Krzepicki escaped from the Treblinka II extermination camp. His account was written down by Rachela Auerbach and hidden in the second part of the Ringelblum Archive. It begins with words: „The phenomenon of Treblinka is difficult to describe, but also even to understand. It’s hard even to begin. I feel a lump in my throat...”
77th anniversary of Józef Kapłan’s death
Józef Kapłan was a Hashomer Hatzair activist. He was invited to join the Oneg Shabbat by Ringelblum himself in 1942. Kapłan was an important liaison with underground organizations; however, no texts signed by him have been preserved in the Archive. On September 3, 1942, Kapłan was arrested and imprisoned at the Pawiak. He was executed in the ghetto, inside the gate of a house on Dzielna Street, on September 11.
„Wielka Szpera” in the Łódź Ghetto
During the „Wielka Szpera”, between 5 and 12 September 1942, more than 15,000 people were sent to the extermination camp in Chełmno nad Nerem. Only a small group was spared from the deportation – children from the privileged families in the ghetto community (police officers, firefighters, directors of main departments).
On 1st September, 1939, German troops crossed the Polish border. In „Nasz Przegląd” [Our Review], the leading journal of the Jewish minority in Poland, the following statement was released.
74th anniversary of the final liquidation of the Łódź Ghetto
In late June 1944, the final liquidation of the Łódź Ghetto began. The first transport to Auschwitz left on 23rd June, the last on 29th August. In total, 70 000 people were transported from the Radegest station, Łódź’s Umschlagplatz.